Gems of the Collection

A number of series of detailed mapping of Europe mostly from the first half of the 19th century represent the forerunners of today’s national topographic maps. Amongst these are series of Belgium (1865-1872); France (1832-1863); the German states of Baden (1849), Hesse (1850) and Wurttemberg (1851); Italian states including Lombardy-Venetia (1833), Naples (1820), Parma (1828), Sicily (1769 and 1826), and Tuscany (1830 and 1851); Illyria and Styria (1834); Netherlands (1850-1870); Spain (1865); and European Turkey (1829). There are also French maps of the coasts of northern France (1792) and Algeria (1835-1854); Morocco (1848); and Tunis (1857). Of special interest are Semyon Aleksandrovich Mukhin’s early classic of Russian military topographical mapping of the Crimean Peninsula from 1817, and Thomas Best Jervis’s English language reworking of the same map in 1854 for presentation to Queen Victoria at the time of the Crimean War.

Also included in the collection is the work of such cartographers as Ivan Islen’ev, Alexi Hubert Jaillot, Pierre Lapie, Georges-Louis Le Rouge, Guillaume de L’Isle, Filippo Morghen, and Gilles Robert de Vaugondy. Of special interest are an unrecorded variant of E.H. Friex’s Atlas des Pays Bas (1745); an incomplete set of sheets in preparation for assembly of Bernard de Roy’s Nieuwe caerte van de Provincie van Utrecht (1743); nineteen maps of Spanish provinces and regions by Tomas López de Vargas Machuca (1768-1787); and a preliminary draft of a Russian map of the northern part of the North Pacific Ocean which later appeared in one of the first atlases of the region (1849).

There are maps from the collection of Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, which was later subsumed into the Topographical Collection of George III, and maps belonging to Henri V de France, Comte de Chambord.